In some cases, the loss of balance of the electric forklift may cause it to overturn, sometimes causing death or fatal injury to the driver, and causing major danger and damage. However, even a relatively small stability related accident is enough to enable the forklift to unload the goods, endanger nearby workers and destroy valuable goods.
Here are 10 important tips for you to learn how to prevent forklift overturning and cargo spillage.
1. Load carefully
Distribute the goods evenly and do not lift them with only one fork. It should rest firmly against the rear of the load backrest or fork.
2. Do not overload
Keep within the load capacity of the forklift. Please remember that the rated capacity will be reduced when carrying out high-altitude lifting or using some forklift accessories.
3. Lower fork
Driving with the load raised will make the forklift more unstable because it will become very high. When driving, keep the fork and goods within 150mm from the ground, and tilt the gantry completely backward. It is also a good practice to lower the fork when the forklift stops. When lifting the load to a high place, it should move at a crawling speed.
4. Check surface condition
Before operating the forklift at the job site, make sure you are aware of any surface hazards. Are there any oil, grease, ice, water, mud or other things that may slip? Is there any danger that the wheel will sink into soft soil? Is the floor bumpy or uneven? Are there any curbs, steps, bumps or other obstacles that need to be negotiated? Each of these conditions can cause the forklift to lose balance, so it needs to slow down and be extra careful. An additional tip: when crossing railway tracks or kerbs, use the diagonal method.
5. Watch the slope
If possible, avoid steep slopes. If the slope cannot be avoided, drive slowly and do not turn on the slope. When going up or down a slope, do not let the load go up the slope to avoid slipping. In other words, the fork should be in the front when going up and in the back when going down. When driving without load, it should be forward rather than reverse. Do not stack or unload goods on slopes.
6. Turn slowly
Slow down when turning. Overspeed is one of the common causes of electric forklift overturning. The risk is higher when used in combination with ground hazards, slopes or elevated loads.
7. Smooth driving
Sudden movement or sudden braking may cause the goods to fall off the fork. Aim to be smooth, avoid sudden acceleration and sharp turns, and anticipate stopping with slow deceleration.
8. Understand height
Make sure you know the height of the door and ceiling before driving through the door or handling goods in the building. If the clearance is insufficient, the forklift and its goods may be seriously impacted.
9. Fasten the safety belt
This doesn't actually stop the rollover, but if it happens, it can save your life.